Wednesday, July 30, 2008
4 - 5's
9 - 4's
8 - 3's
with 4 people who had 2's and 1's.
I think some of you surprised yourself! After comments you gave me after the test (well, and before the test!) -- those same people did very, very well. I'll use my favorite comment one last time - you knew it better than you thought you did. :)
Have a terrific summer - enjoy your start in college, and have a great time!
Sunday, June 15, 2008
Wednesday, May 14, 2008
The generally accepted definition is 3 quarters of negative real GDP. Most economists will say we're NOT in a recession, but are heading that way, for exactly the reason you state - we have declining GDP, but not negative. The problem is...when the "r" word comes out, people panic and send it spiraling lower...and lower...and lower...you get the idea. Self-fulfilling prophecy, anyone? :)
There are some people who will say that this definition is no good, because (insert any reason here). These are the people who find where we're at now and say "recession! recession!" and when they are told it's not one, don't like being told they don't know. There are other economists who say that there is more to it, but it all comes down to - is GDP in the negative? If not, no recession.
And Melody asked: "is jail always free? i know a guy in fort who went to jail for three years about ten years back. they had him paying 27 dollars a day to pay for his "rent" and food. thats an aweful lot of money when you can't be making any."
I have no clue! I know that when you're in jail or prison, there are often jobs you are able to do for a few cents a day, but it's never that much. It may have been part of his punishment...maybe?
Wednesday, May 07, 2008
The good news is - we've finished all new material.
The bad news is - pretty obvious.
I asked for the same sub to be in the room from Thurs through Tues, and I requested either Mrs. B or Mr. Rybicke. I had already sent out for copies of some free response questions, etc - I will probably come by later tomorrow (Thurs) afternoon to get things set up.
I can't tell you how upset I am about this, but the doc told me that if I continued walking or sitting, I was facing possible permanent damage, which obviously is not a great plan.
You guys have all the info you need - use your time in class wisely for studying as much as you can. If you have questions, post here or email. If I am awake during your class periods, I will try to call to see if you have any questions that I can answer without drawing on the board. :)
I will point out that they have me on some pretty intense meds, so colors look extra pretty right now...
Saturday, May 03, 2008
I've gone back through lots of posts (finally, I know!) and want to comment on some of your comments.
Although we are doing Micro, lots of you have questions on Macro (recession, etc) - understandably. :) If you're interested, go to Taylor's blog (3 posts on cutting jobs, the weak dollar, and gas prices), and...well, I'm sure I'll add more in here later. And Phil's. And Savannah's. And Laura's. And Jake's. And Abby's. And Tony's (counterfeit money = good thing?). :)
Morgan asked what a recession is. The official (economic) description is a time period when GDP (the dollar value of all goods & services made in the US) is negative (not just falling) for at least 3 quarters (which would be 9 months). Are we "officially" in a recession? No. We've had falling GDP, not negative. Do I think that's where we're heading? Yep. And the fear of a recession makes it worse, because people stop spending, which means that things aren't being made, which makes GDP fall more.
But remember - we have always had recessions, and always will. It's a cycle (that's why it's called the "business cycle"). For an economy to be healthy, we can't be in times of prosperity all the time. Easy to say, of course, but it's not my job on the line. There's an old joke - it's a recession when your neighbor loses their job, but it's a depression when you lose yours.
Actually, the thing that is more concerning should be the rising prices. It's not common for inflation to occur when GDP is falling or in the negative. This happened in the 1970's - it's called stagflation. The real problem comes in trying to "solve" the problem. The common treatments for high inflation would make a recession worse. And the usual way to treat a recession will make inflation worse. So...what to do?
And - the Great Depression was not a time of inflation - it was a time of deflation. You want to see the government and the Federal Reserve get their undies in a fix? Talk about deflation happening. They are more scared of that than inflation, x100. It's a scary time. Prices keep dropping...and dropping...and dropping. Yeah, kind of cool for our budgets, but think of what it does to businesses. And (Brent will enjoy this one) Walmart has been accused of causing deflation in the US as close as about 2 years ago.
But for now, focus on the Micro more. We'll hit some Macro after the test. :)
There's also some interesting discussion on Phil's blog about universal health care. Curious...is it economics, or is it politics?
Hmm...and pricing, on Melody's blog ("Antiquing it up"). Although I will admit I'm biased. It's my favorite hobby. I have all kinds of crap...er...treasures from roaming through second-hand stores and hitting live auctions.
Food shortages, on Maggie's blog. What happens when the cheapest food source in the world is rationed?
And taxes, on Maggie's blog. We live in one of the highest-taxed states in the country. Scary - or necessary?
Phil also commented on Laura's blog about requiring personal finance for HS graduation. You guys are just good at finding things close to my heart. This is one of the things I've been working with the state Dept of Instruction on for the last couple of years. There are state standards in personal finance, but they are not required. Our district, though, plans to incorporate them. It's one of the reasons why I'm so behind on stuff - we have a grant through the state to work on that, and our time is almost up, so lots of time is being spent looking at that. Since the reg Econ class gets a lot of those standards in their class, and you guys don't...guess what we'll be looking at after the national exam? :) :)
And some interesting info on credit and loans on Brent's.
Monday, April 28, 2008
Thursday, April 17, 2008
Competition vs. Oligopoly: http://apecon.us/competitiveoligopoly.gif
Prisoner's Dilemma: http://www.reffonomics.com/prisonersdilema.html
(no clue why these aren't showing up as clickable links anymore...)
Tuesday, April 15, 2008
Thursday, April 03, 2008
http://www.reffonomics.com/monopoly1.ppt A powerpoint with general info - great info on patents, trademark, copyright, etc (all part of monopoly power).
Demand curve info: http://apecon.us/monopolyperfectcompetition.gif
The graph: http://www.reffonomics.com/monopoly3.html
More later - but getting down some basics over the weekend would be a great idea. :)
Consider yourself warned - the next time we play with the mini-whiteboards, you'll be drawing all of the different market graphs.
Saturday, March 22, 2008
Tuesday, March 18, 2008
a PPt: http://www.reffonomics.com/perfectcompetition/frame.htm
Whew. Take a break.
Saturday, March 15, 2008
~Paper - official due date is Thursday. If that stresses you, feel free to email it to me over Break (please not on the Sunday before we return...). :) That will give me time to go over them during Break and still get the grades done. If you have questions or are running into walls, email me.
~Test - unknown for unit 3. Officially, April 11th. Truthfully, there is NO WAY we will be able to finish this unit by then. I'll keep you posted.
~Retests for unit 2. I'd like all people that haven't taken the unit 2 test yet to have it done by Wednesday. Then, I can give you your tests back for you to look over during Break - we'll go over the test when we get back, and retests can start that week. Because of that, the unit 2 test will NOT go on Quarter 3 grades - to do that, retests would have to be done by that Friday (I think it's the 4th) and that just won't happen. So I need to reconfigure your grades.
Some links for you:
Marginal Analysis: http://apecon.us/allmeroth1aa.gif
And Part II: http://apecon.us/allmeroth2aa.gif These 2 will make more sense as we go through things next week.
And Part II: http://www.reffonomics.com/costs/frame.htm
Costs & Shutdown: http://www.reffonomics.com/shutdown2.html
Short run/Long run: http://apecon.us/longrunshortrun.gif
Long Run ATC: http://www.reffonomics.com/longrunatccurve.html
Types of competition: http://www.reffonomics.com/typesofcompetition.html
I'll get more of the PC graphs posted after we get into it more next week. :)
Sunday, March 09, 2008
I will be back at work tomorrow, but I am on kind of a "limited mobility" type of thing - too much walking & talking leads me to cough my bloody head off. Not pretty. Unfortunately, my illness has affected you guys the most. My schedule is shot.
I know some of you have turned in a rough draft of your paper, and a few of you emailed it to me. I am not able to stay up more than 6 hours right now without feeling like a truck has run me over (yeah, that will make it EXTRA fun tomorrow...my freshmen with a sub for a week, and me already exhausted by the time I get to them...can't wait!). Tomorrow morning, I'll double check when my quarter grades are due, and will probably kick the paper's due date back until about a week before grades are due. That will hopefully give me time to read through the rough drafts, time for you to re-write as needed, and then time for me to re-read them.
It also kind of kicks unit 3 around a little. I will be restructuring tomorrow morning as much as I can - it might be Tuesday before I can say for sure how this will be affecting us overall. We will have to move a little faster, which might hurt some of you.
I can say - the faster you learn the terms for this unit on costs, the easier this unit will be, and the faster it will come to you. That's been true no matter what. :)
See you tomorrow -
Tuesday, March 04, 2008
Saturday, March 01, 2008
If you haven't already, look one post down to view the prez on economic policy. I'm curious at your analysis.
Okay - animated gif files on CS & PS:
Reminder: If you choose to turn in a rough draft for your paper for 3rd quarter project grade, it needs to be in by Friday. This isn't a requirement, but could be considered extra credit, because I might be able to steer you in the direction you need to go. It will be graded as a college term paper - something you will all get to know very well in the next year. :) If you forgot what it needs to be, check your syllabus. If you've lost the syllabus, check Edline. If you hate Edline...well, then you're kinda out of luck.
Also - we are on track to test for unit 2 on Wednesday. That means that retests for unit 1 need to be finished by Tuesday. You can retest as many times as you want, I'll take the highest score. The unit 2 test is similar to unit 1 - 50 m/c questions, with about the first 20 or so straight from old released AP exams. Chapters 4-7 in Mankiw.
Go take a look at some of your peers' blogs - there's some great discussions going on!
Friday, February 29, 2008
And it made me curious what you guys would say - not necessarily political, but economic analysis of what he is saying.
Wednesday, February 27, 2008
Analysis & application of S & D, elasticity and price ceilings/floors tomorrow!
Oh, and btw - it seems like I am all caught up on blog grading! Amazing! I'll try to get the grades in by tomorrow so you can see, but some people are a little behind, as well. You will know if I got your post by whether or not there is a message from moi. :)
**Calling Phil: Calling Phil**
For some reason, the link to your blog is refusing to work. I've tried a lot of different things, and nothing is working. Even if I go to a new window and type in your address, it will come up with an error message. Would you check to see if something has changed with your blog address, etc? I haven't been there to grade yet. If it's magically disappeared, please don't panic - we'll work it out.
Sunday, February 24, 2008
You have been doing a great job on the blogs so far! There has been some really great analysis of concepts we've talked about - and some we haven't. :)
I have Pearl Jam on the computer (hey, don't knock it...Eddie Vedder is a genius...) and the dryer needs to be taken care of, so have a nice night. I'll finish these tomorrow and Tuesday (after all, it looks like we might get ANOTHER dump of snow...so who knows where we'll be on Tuesday?).
I didn't use an article for my blog entry. I wrote about relating the information to my life. I hope that's okay..
I agree with Morgan on how car dealerships use incentives to their advantage. When my mom and I went to get my car I noticed how point 6 can be used to the dealers advantage. I test drove 3 or 4 cars and the dealer definetly put a lot of effort into trying to sell me a more expensive car because it had cool things a new teenage driver would want such as a sun roof or a new stereo system. It's definetly important not to show too much emotion when looking for a car, because dealers will definetly play off of that.
This is soooo true. I'm not sure how many of you have gone to purchase your own car - but the biggest advantage you can give the dealership is to look like you will not walk away from the deal. Remember that there's always another car right on the next lot. My husband and I found it really funny - to show him how cool the car was, the sales guy popped the hood and kicked the tires, etc. For me? Ooh, look, the mirrors move and look at all the radio controls on the steering wheel...
And from Vicky:
It's all about the information you have. When buying anything, you need to be an informed consumer. Don't expect the salespeople to educate you. It's your responsibility to educate yourself.
"Let the buyer beware" - caveat emptor. Great comment, Vicky. Should I be alarmed that you have owned more cell phones than I have, and I am twice your age? ;)
Acting on a whim, or executing some action solely on emotion, though it may be fulfilling at first, often times may leave regretting your quick decision. Like (almost) anything in life where emotion isn’t enough, a little bit of research, enough to acquaint oneself with the matters, will help.
My family makes fun of me constantly because of the time I'll take to make a decision on something big. In the last 5 months, we've had to buy a clothes dryer, a car and a new bed. Each got the same analysis from me. Yeah, I'm a sick person. But jeez...it's my money...why would I want to throw it away? If you can take the emotion out of the decision, get the research done, as David mentions here - it's rare for me to regret a purchase. I like that.
Wow, this turned into a good discussion on consumerism. Keep it in mind when we get further in this present unit. :)
From this, it’s obvious that the price displayed may not be the lowest price the dealers could sell, or even the actual worth of the car. (This is still David)
Excellent analysis on incentives, David! So true...especially with cars.
Thanks, I was just wondering about the links!Can we do extra analysis blogs or comments for extra credit of some sort? Or would we just get brownie points for being overachievers?
You, an overachiever? Say it ain't so! lol
Let me think on this one.
From Brent ("Some Stuff For You" below):
The income effect states that when your income is fixed, as the price drops of a certain item, you can purchase more of that item with the same income. So the Demand curve is downward sloping because the quantity demand increases (x axis) as the price drops (y axis). The substitution effect describes the same thing but going in the opposite direction. When the prices increase, the quantity demanded of that good decreases, and people can purchase less. People will then find substitutes to that product and the product's price will continue to increase and people will be able to purchase less and less of the product.
EXCELLENT analysis and explanation of the income and substitution effects. If anyone isn't getting the difference, read through this again. And again. Great job!
Morgan let us know that:
I like grape jelly better than strawberry, just to let you know...
If those are my choices, me, too. Otherwise, I personally like Apple Pie jam. It's amazing.
And then Sam said:
Note to morgan: Raspberry jelly is so much better than grape and strawberry, just to let you know. =)
Raspberry jelly is good...but I stand by my choice. ;)
These threw some people off ("Supply & Equilibrium" below):
(1) Do these things affect the demand or supply of oil? (a) The Alaskan oil pipeline was completed. (S) (b) Price supports were removed from oil. (S) (c) Oil was discovered in the Bering Sea. (S) (d) Sport utility vehicles become more popular. (D) (e) The use of nuclear power declined. (D)
(3) Demand or supply of jeans? (a) A new technology becomes available that cuts the time to make jeans in half. (S) (b) The price of denim falls. (S) (c) Jeans go out of fashion. (D) (d) The price of a pair of jeans falls. (QD/S)(Look at the movement on the graph if both curves are present) (e) The wage rate paid to garment workers increases. (S) (f) People's income increases. (D)
Okay - I'm off to start on your blogs! It's 7:30 already, so don't pout if I don't get to you tonight. :)
See you tomorrow -
First, from Marty, regarding PPC's:
a) An increase in the average length of an average vacation would cause an underuse of resources (in response to Savannah's uncertainty, I think she's right about that...) To be completely honest, I'm not entirely sure what this would do to the PPC. I would assume it would cause it to shift inward, but I thought that the curve itself only shifted if something caused the amount of available resources to decrease. As far as I can ascertain, an increase in vacation time wouldn't so much decrease the amount of resources available, but just cause the underuse of them. I know this was marked as a point closer to the origin than any of the curves on the PPC graph we studied. Is that the same in this instance, too? It seems like it'd be more appropriate; the human resources are still there, they're just not being put to use...
There is a good argument for two possibilities here. The good news is that as long as you are able to justify your response, you'd be pretty safe with either. First, if the average vacation nationwide increased in length, the "correct" answer is that the curve would shift in. It's a loss of resources. BUT...it's entirely possible to view it as an underuse of resources (i.e., a point inside the curve), because it's plausible to use those resources (human resources) differently. With an explanation, either is perfectly acceptable. If it were a multiple choice, I would go with the curve shifting in.
From Erika, same post, about PPC's:
c)A decrease in the average retirement age would cause nothing if the same amount of people stayed in the work force. I'm confused about what this means, are you referring to more and more people dropping out of the production of goods? In which case the graph would be likely to curve inward? (not sure!)
The work force would mean a change in resources - with that, it's going to affect the curve. So yes, more people dropping out of the production, and yes, the curve shifts in. :)
From Josh, same post - and I'm so sorry I didn't see this before your test.
I am commenting on number 4 as well. Before i answer the question i had a question about the ppc. in our packet, most of the graphs show "consumer goods" as x axis and "capitol goods" as y axis. is this just an easy example to use or is this like the base model to think about when answering these questions?
It's just an example. Anything on the national exam will tell you what would be on each axis. The chances of it being a FRQ are pretty slim, but there will be m/c questions on PPC's. Hopefully that will help with retests, and I don't have to feel too guilty about missing it. :(
Tanvirkamal, same post -
EXCELLENT analysis on the MySpace and scarcity. Really a great way to view it.
Oh and this is going to a VERY fun semester, I will make sure of it, many of you know I can do that...
How fun...? lol
John mentioned (same post):
# 1) The author believes that the opportunity cost is that of short term loss of jobs within the United States. The author believes that the loss is being exaggerated and really should not be of conern to Americans but he also states that it should not go unnoticed. The author believes that the government should not adapt a policy of protectionism but rather let the economy be and have things take care of themselves through a competitive process between companies within the economy.
Get used to this way of thinking. :) We'll come back to it again...and again...and again. Great interpretation of the author.
Brent, same post, on outsourcing:
He says that the comparative advantage of trade by outsourcing will benefit the US economy in the future compared to the loss of the jobs in the short term. Personally, I think this author can write this so biasedly because he or no one else he knows has been affected by outsourcing.
One of the first rules is to take the emotion out of the analysis - which is really hard, especially if you've been affected by outsourcing. It's easy to say "Jobs in the US will be regained in other sectors", but the reality is, if you (or a friend/family member) is the one losing their job, it's different. Basic economic free market theory (which is what we have to look at in this class) will state that when trade is willing, it's good for all involved. Therefore, jobs that go overseas can be seen as opening our economy up to increase in other sectors - usually seen as higher level jobs in technology or services. It doesn't, though, look at how those people are supposed to make that shift from the GM factory in Janesville to some high-tech job. It's a tough one.
He doesn't see the individual when writing this article at all, how they can't pay their bills because they don't have a job, how they can't support their kids, how they get deeper into debt when they never should have been let go to begin with. So many corporations make so many horrible decisions, it just pisses me off!
You're right - it's not about the individual for the author. The corporate edicts have changed in the last 50 years or so. Just as the American worker is no longer concerned with company loyalty, the company is no longer concerned with keeping their workers happy. It's really changed how business is done in our country. Is there an answer? Well...I'm not sure. The bottom line for businesses is that their costs are lower and profits rise. Yes, there are businesses that will take other things into account, but that number is lower than it has been in the past.
Okay - that's the comments from the PPC post (the one entitled "Friday" below). I'll hit more later. :)
Thursday, February 21, 2008
1. The Laws of Supply & Demand - you MUST put price first. It's a word explanation of the slope of the supply or demand curve. You cannot put a change in demand/supply first, because then it's not true. So - Law of Demand states that as price rises, QD decreases (as price goes up, people buy less) - and vice versa. Law of Supply states that as price rises, QS increases (as price goes up, suppliers want to supply more). It is incorrect to state that as supply increases, price increases = that's not the law of supply, and it's not true. When supply increases, it causes the equilibrium price to decrease (when the curve shifts along the demand curve). However you need to learn this...do so. Stare at this. Go back and look at the animated file in previous postings. Staple a sheet of paper to your head. Tattoo it on your neck. Whatever. You must know this. I promise - if you state something other than "people buy more when price is low" on the national exam, it will be wrong. Same with confusing QD and D/QS and S.
2. Determinants of S or D. Know these.
That's really what's hurting most people. I'm getting a good grasp of who's understanding, who's mostly understanding, and who's lost. There are 2 in 4/5 and 4 in 7/8 that are lost. You have choices - make the correct economic decision for you: study more, see me so we can get you on track, or drop to regular. Seriously...this is easy stuff compared to what we're going to be getting in to. I will do all I can for students who are willing to work at it...if you sit there and don't study, I have no time to do it for you.
What a terrible way to end a post. The good thing is that there's no extra homework this weekend - look at it, see what you can do, if you're confused, stop and we'll be going over elasticity on Monday. Blogs: you should have a post on yours with analysis (shouldn't be tough to find a S & D article that is analysis-worthy), plus two comments - here or on someone else's blog. I will be grading this weekend. Promise.
Some stuff to start elasticity - we'll be going over it in class on Monday, but if you're able to look stuff over this weekend, it could give you a headstart.
http://apecon.us/tanstaafl_files/ Elasticity video - it's 38 minutes long, just a warning. :)
Elasticity animated gif file: http://www.reffonomics.com/elasticity1.html
Monday, February 18, 2008
Remember - the important part is to look at what the first change would be. Don't overthink.
Also, look over your test by Wed - if you have any questions, we'll go over it then.
See ya -
Friday, February 15, 2008
1. Ben Franklin Crafts (Oconomowoc)
2. Factory – M-16 rifle magazines
3. Picture Framing Store
4. Housekeeping – Retirement Home
5. Waitress – Country Kitchen
6. Waitress – Bowling Alley
7. Bartender – Bowling Alley
8. Housekeeping – 40 Winks Inn
9. Minnesota Fabrics (2 years – a new record)
10. Custom Clothier (the 1st time)
11. Deli Counter – Pick n’ Save
12. Substitute Teacher – Arrowhead
13. Substitute Teacher – Kettle Moraine
14. Substitute Teacher – Watertown
15. Waitress – Chuck’s Supper Club
16. Teacher! South Texas ISD/Science Academy (4 years! A
newer new record!)
17. Bartender – Juan O’Leary’s
18. Sales – Watkins products
19. Temp agency (about a month)
20. Paper plate factory (5 days)
21. Kmart – cashier, dept manager (the only job from which
I’ve ever been fired)
22. Waitress – Chancery
23. Teacher - Rogers Memorial Hospital (psych hospital) – long term
24. Teacher – Kettle Moraine (one semester)
25. Teacher – Fort Atkinson! (so far, the newest new record –
6 years and counting!)
26. Freelance Economic Education Consultant (& writing)
27. Custom Clothier (the second time)
28. Social Studies & Economics Consultant for the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
Some questions to think about:
(1) Do these things affect the demand or supply of oil? (a) The Alaskan oil pipeline was completed. (b) Price supports were removed from oil. (c) Oil was discovered in the Bering Sea. (d) Sport utility vehicles become more popular. (e) The use of nuclear power declined.
(2) Why is it more expensive to ski in Aspen in January than in April?
(3) Demand or supply of jeans? (a) A new technology becomes available that cuts the time to make jeans in half. (b) The price of denim falls. (c) Jeans go out of fashion. (d) The price of a pair of jeans falls. (e) The wage rate paid to garment workers increases. (f) People's income increases.
Thursday, February 14, 2008
Law of Demand: http://www.reffonomics.com/demand1.html
Slope of the Demand Curve: http://apecon.us/currentwork/substitutionincome.gif
Determinants of Demand: http://www.reffonomics.com/determinatesofdemand.html
Questions to ponder:
1. Give two examples of how you have observed the Law of Demand in real life.
2. Explain why a reduction in the price of a normal good does not change the demand for that good.
3. What is the difference between the income effect and the substitution effect?
4. Substitutes, complements, or unrelated? (a) peanut butter and jelly, (b) private and public transportation, (c) Coke and Pepsi, (d) alarm clocks and automobiles, (e) golf clubs and golf balls.
I'll get some on supply up this afternoon or tomorrow morning. :)
Tuesday, February 12, 2008
I'm really sorry I haven't set up links to your peers' blogs yet. It's just been crazy. No excuse, just the reason.
It is third on my "to do" list for this week - so by the weekend, I will have it set up, or ...well, I don't know "or"...but it will be done. It may take me a few days to get it all set, but there will be links by Fri.
Some people have been wondering about the blogs, and amazingly, it is all laid out in the giant syllabus you got the first day of class. BUT - you need two comments per week + one analysis in YOUR blog every other week (dates are in the syllabus).
It's an expectation, but you are your own person who can make their own economic decisions. No, you can't post 100 comments this week and be done - I check weekly (or I will...) and they're either there or not. The object for this is because we just don't have enough time for huge discussions of analysis. It truly does help with analysis of information. You're the ones that freak out over grades. Do...or do not. Heh...I'm Yoda now...
After this crazy week is over, this will be updated more frequently. I'll get some stuff on Demand on here tomorrow, too. And in Edline.
Friday, February 08, 2008
Here's an example on how to do your blog analysis for Monday:
This is the article I'm using, mostly because it's about buying new cars, which my husband and I just had to do. If you go about halfway down the page, number 3 says "compare incentives". Now if you remember one of the first things we looked at was a statement that said "incentives work." And they do - take a look at this from the article:
"If you're considering two similar (but different brand) vehicles, incentives on one of them could be all the incentive you need to make the choice between them. " Absolutely true. If all other things are equal, a person will choose the car with the incentive that fits their lifestyle best.
"You can also use incentives on one brand as a negotiating point for the purchase of another." Another great point - you can play sellers off each other.
Incentives are a basic point of economics, and can really affect what you do in any situation. After all, which would you choose...something plain, or something with a cool incentive, if there were no other difference between them? That's called "all things being equal" (ceteris paribus) - if there is no difference other than the one thing, you can analyze the situation.
"Suppose that, on the basis of a nation's PPC, an economy must sacrifice 10,000 pizzas domestically to get the 1 additional robot it desires, but can get the robot from another country for 9,000 pizzas. Relate this information to the following statement: 'Through international specialization and trade, a nation can reduce it's opportunity cost of obtaining goods and thus move outside its PPC.'"
Check a couple of things here:
~Nowhere is it asking you to figure out the trade matrix - it is not necessary to answer the question
~Nowhere does it say that the robot helps make pizzas - they are unrelated
~What is it asking?
Don't get caught up in superfluous information. There's a lot of it in this question.
What is it asking? What is the answer?
Thursday, February 07, 2008
Your test tomorrow will be the normal 50 multiple choice questions. At least you got two more days to study for it. :)
We'll start supply & demand on Monday. I'm going to have to take a few things out of the unit so we can stay on track - some application of costs that we'll come back to in Unit Three. If we feel like ever finishing the units, though, we'll have to muddle on.
Any questions on the test? I'll check in a few times today.
Friday, February 01, 2008
A few questions to be answered for all students:
"How will we know where everyone's blog is?" - as soon as people post here what their blog name is so I get an address to their blog, I will set up links on here. If I'm really feeling adventurous, I'll even put them in alpha order by class hour. We'll see.
"When do we have to post?" Think of it as a weekend assignment every week. This week, you need two comments by Monday morning. That's why all the questions are on here - to get you thinking about it. Or, you can post questions, thoughts, concerns. Recipes for really good desserts. You know what I mean.
Here are some things to think about with Unit One and PPC's:
1. Take a look at this article: http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20040501faessay83301-p0/daniel-w-drezner/the-outsourcing-bogeyman.html . From this author's perspective, what is the opportunity cost of outsourcing jobs offshore? Based on those costs, what does he suggest the role of the government should be in this growing phenomenon?
2. Does the Internet raise or lower the cost of making friends? As you consider this question, visit a virtual meeting place: the American Intercultural Student Exchange (http://www.aise.com). Or you may wish to participate in a live chat with other people on the Internet. Explain how scarcity relates to the Internet.
3. Visit the White House home page-http://www.whitehouse.gov/. Look under Current News. Choose a topic you think pertains to economics. Does the subject matter pertain to macroeconomics or microeconomics? Is the analysis primarily normative or positive?
4. Determine whether each of the following would cause the economy's PPC to shift inward, outward, or not at all: (a) An increase in average length of average vacation, (b) An increase in immigration, (c) A decrease in the average retirement age, (d) The migration of skilled workers to other countries.
5. Provide some examples of specialized markets or retail outlets. What makes the Web so conducive to specialization?
Thursday, January 31, 2008
1. Suppose a retailer promotes his or her store by advertising a drawing for a "free car". Is this car free because the winner pays zero for it?
2. Attending college is expensive, time-consuming, difficult, and requires effot. Why do people decide to go to college?
3. Give one positive and one normative statement for the same topic.
Unfortunately, most problems for PPC"s involve drawing, which...is difficult on here.
http://www.reffonomics.com/pp1.html an animated gif on the PPC. You'll see a lot from this guy.
AmosWEB - on PPC's -- http://www.amosweb.com/cgi-bin/awb_nav.pl?s=wpd&c=dsp&k=production+possibilities+curve
And...I think that's all I have tonight.
Monday, January 28, 2008
How was the quiz on Naked Economics? It showed me a lot of things...how seriously you will take the class, how well you study from a reading, how much you are able to remember from what you read...all kinds o' stuff. :)
Class averages = 72 or so for 4/5th hour, 75 for 7/8th hour.
Tomorrow - scarcity & PPC's. And the big giant packet for Unit One. Yay!